By Henk Holtslag, March 2013
Of the 780 million people worldwide who are still without an improved water source some 80% live in rural areas, the largest cluster of countries are in the sub-Saharan region.
Nicaragua, which has 6 million people of which some 43% live in rural areas, has shown a remarkable and sustainable increase in rural water supply. With the introduction in 1987 of the hand rope pump, rural water supply coverage doubled in the 8 years that followed.
Now, 25 years later, the situation is that over 70.000 rope pumps have been placed on boreholes and hand dug wells. The total investment in these pumps was 1 mln $ in training etc, and some 8 mln $ in pumps. The result is an increase of the GNP of 100 mln $ since 1990 due to family rope pumps.
Nicaragua is an example that, where water levels are less than 50 meters and low cost wells can be made, the rural water supply can increase drastically at investment costs of 5 to 15US$/capita. What is possible in Nicaragua seems possible in many other countries.
Read the full story:RuralWatSuppNica